COLTAN – Before You Upgrade Your Cell Phone – Just Remember Your People Are Being Exploited So You Can Text!


80% of the world’s known Coltan supply is in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, which the UN says is subject to “highly organised and systematic exploitation.”

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Mining Coltan

Coltan is mined by hand in the Congo by groups of men digging basins in streams by scrapping off the surface mud. They then “slosh” the water around the crater, which causes the Coltan ore to settle to the bottom of the crater where it is retrieved by the miners.  A team can “mine” one kilo of Coltan per day.  The tech boom caused the price of Coltan to rocket to as high as US$600 per kilogram at one point, compared to a previous value of US$65 per kilogram, although it has settled down to around US$100 per kilogram at the moment. A Coltan miner can earn as much as US$200 per month, compared to a typical salary of US$10 per month for the average Congolese worker.

80% of the world’s known Coltan supply is in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, which the UN says is subject to “highly organised and systematic exploitation.”

 

Hard labour: Panning for rare minerals for 12-hours a day, this miner is covered head to foot in the ore-laden mud. It may seem unbelievable, but he is searching for a mineral which will power the most 21st century of items, the smartphone.

 

Toil: Miners use their bare hands to filter out precious minerals using a sluice similar to those used in a 19th century gold rush.

Coltan financing war

A recent report by the UN has claimed that all the parties involved in the local civil war have been involved in the mining and sale of Coltan. One report suggested that the neighbouring Rwandan army made US$250 million from selling Coltan in less than 18 months, despite there being no Coltan in Rwanda to mine. The military forces of Uganda and Burundi are also implicated in smuggling Coltan out of Congo for resale in Belgium. A report to the United Nations security council has called for a moratorium on purchase and import of resources from the Democratic Republic of Congo, due to the ongoing civil war that has dragged in the surrounding countries.

International trade: A miners cooperative sells the raw materials to merchants who export the minerals to Europe and Asia for use in smartphone manufacturing

Coltan and Gorillas

The main area where Coltan is mined, also contains the Kahuzi Biega National Park, home of the Mountain Gorilla. In Kahuzi Biega National Park the gorilla population has been cut nearly in half, from 258 to 130 as the ground is cleared to make mining easier, which has reduced the available food for the Gorillas. Within the Dem. Rep. of Congo as a whole, the U.N. Environment Program has reported that the number of eastern lowland gorillas in eight Dem. Rep. of Congo national parks has declined by 90% over the past 5 years, and only 3,000 now remain.

Eastern DRC: The Luwow coltan mine is situated in the heart of Africa to the east of the DRC, less than 50km from three rebel bases where armed groups terrorise civilians.

 

Conflict Minerals

  • Coltan is the most needed mineral in phones
  • Mined in conflict areas
  • Child slave labour
  • Civil war in Eastern Congo
  • 5 million lives in the past 15 years and counting
  • The bloodiest conflict since WWll
  • Armed groups financing their warfare

 

 

 

 20.jpg  1468772 Coltan Rocks150.jpg  38066256 Mineral.jpg  45516476 Mine226afp.jpg 1 40284 13 Px3 Coltan Judithprat03.jpg 2d55ef8200000578 3280872 Image A 4 1445418364395.jpg 2d55f34400000578 3280872 Image M 24 1445418562830.jpg 2d560c1400000578 3280872 Image A 22 1445341717963.jpg 2d56089200000578 3280872 Image A 8 1445418406220.jpg 2da0a19700000578 3280872 Image M 9 1445424560232.jpg 2da174ce00000578 3280872 Image A 22 1445434948764.jpg 4d83691c8b4d15ab6a5167273651362f.jpg 4ed407c9db34716d4a34c2d79eb9ea14.jpg 05 Playstation Africa.jpg 11hxfxrnyvwh6j8jrwxfchw 12 6.jpg 12 9200091.jpg 15 Mineria 2.jpg 19 Coltan Tantalum Ore.jpg 24 To 27 Coltan Feature 640x480.jpg 38f3ad26989703.5635ec26acc83.jpg 51fh60currl. Sx350 Bo1204203200 .jpg 58.jpg 75c31a9a 3149 40b2 B59b 779b8c5693ad 100 Tph Alluvial Coltan Beneficiation Plant Installed In Uganda 01.jpg 100 Tph Alluvial Coltan Beneficiation Plant Installed In Uganda 07 1.jpg 0206applecoltan01.jpg 220px Rio Inc3adrida Panoramio.jpg 251.jpg 580.jpg 630coltanminers 0.jpg 630coltanmining Thumb.jpg 630project Coltan.jpg 1073 Joseph Gabrielimage1.jpg 1082.jpg 1770.jpg 1907 Coltan 07 0.jpg 2015 73509 328535 16118 11453 T.jpg 0032372 Harmony Arrow Coltan 258x284x08 550.jpg 100628 Coltan21.jpg 205936 Coltan Movil Bateria Coltan Movil Que Es Coltan Coltan Coltan Salvados Tantalio Movil.jpg 485276.jpg

[caption id="attachment_79146" align="alignnone" width="600"]Coltan And Cassiterite AI mission delegates being shown coltan and cassiterite, Tchonka, Shabunda territory, South Kivu province, eastern DRC, April 2009.
Coltan and cassiterite are hardly distinguishable to the naked eye; Coltan, which is more valuable, is magnetic.
Coltan is an abbreviation used in parts of Africa for 'columbo-tantalite'. Tantalite is a mineral containing Tantalum and columbite contains columbium, now called niobium. Tantalum is used primarily for the production of capacitors for use in devices such as mobile phones, DVD players, and computers.
Cassiterite mineral containing tin oxide.[/caption]

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[caption id="attachment_79159" align="alignnone" width="700"]90078982.jpg Miners working in an artisanal coltan open-pit mine, Muhanga coltan mines, Rwanda, Africa, March 2009[/caption]

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[caption id="attachment_79168" align="alignnone" width="1024"]13406579753 9b72465784 B.jpg Luwowo Coltan mine near Rubaya, North Kivu the 18th of March 2014. © MONUSCO/Sylvain Liechti
Luwowo is one of several validated mining site that respect CIRGL-RDC norms and guaranties conflict free minerals.[/caption]

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[caption id="attachment_79192" align="alignnone" width="621"]C2 621x320.jpg A digger is coming out of a well from the mines of N'zibera. They often go between 15 and 20 meters deep. At the bottom it's very hard to breath properly. The conditions in which those people work are extremely hard just to find a little bit of casterite (and coltan).
© Jan-Joseph Stok[/caption][caption id="attachment_79193" align="alignnone" width="530"]Coltan Ore Mining, Aerial View Coltan ore mining. Aerial photograph of mining pits where coltan ore is being extracted. This ore, also known as columbite-tantalite, is a source of the elements niobium and tantalum. Both elements are used widely in electronic equipment. Photographed in Butembo, Democratic Republic of the Congo.[/caption]

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[caption id="attachment_79224" align="alignnone" width="448"]Digital Camera ˆ[/caption]

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[caption id="attachment_79232" align="alignnone" width="300"]Congolese Miners Dig At A Gold Mine In Montgbawalu Congolese miners dig at a gold mine in Montgbawalu, Ituri district, eastern Congo, September 8, 2005. The Democratic Republic of Congo's government will renegotiate the existing gold exploration venture it has with AngloGold Ashanti, the world's number two gold producer, the head of Congo's state mining agency OKIMO said on Thursday. Picture taken September 8, 2005. REUTERS/Jiro Ose[/caption]

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[caption id="attachment_79268" align="alignnone" width="1200"]Coltan Esclavitud Para La Fabricacion De Moviles 2.jpg AUTOR: IVAN BENITEZ
FECHA: JUNIO 2014
LUGAR: REPUBLICA DEMOCRATICA DE CONGO
TEMA: CONFLICTO DE LOS MINERALES (CAMPO DE DESPLAZADOS EN RUBAYA)[/caption]

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[caption id="attachment_79300" align="alignnone" width="400"]Zairean Rebels March During A Rally In Uvira 0 CYA01:ZAIREAN REBELS:UVIRA,ZAIRE,14FEB97 - Newly graduated rebels with the Democratic Alliance for the Liberation of Congo Zaire participate in military exercises February 12 after a political rally. The rebels took the strategic town of Isiro February 12 and claimed that the Zairean army is using Napalm bombs around the town of Lubutu. cd/Photo by Corinne Dufka REUTERS[/caption]

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